アジア成長研究所 6階 会議室
小原美紀 大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科 准教授
“Unemployment and Infant Health”
Japan has witnessed a continuous decline in birth weight, a key indicator of infant health, over several decades. The present study uses Japanese prefectural panel data from 1975–2010 with five-year intervals to estimate the impact of economic conditions on infant health, with focus on unemployment and contingent employment. Our result finds that both types of employment statuses induce an increase in the share of underweight babies and a decrease in average birth weight. Although our longitudinal data show that the negative impact of parental unemployment on infant health decreases over time and becomes statistically insignificant after 2000, the negative impact of parental contingent employment exists even after 2000. Our results imply that an unfavourable parental employment status could led to the child’s lower outcomes through lower health status at birth.
Tien Manh Vu 大阪大学大学院国際公共政策研究科 国際研究員
“Are Daughters Always the Losers in the Chore War?”
We examine the gender gap in housework in Vietnam among siblings aged less than 18 years. We show daughters undertake 5.25 minutes more unpaid housework per day than sons. However, the gender gap in housework is negligible for children aged less than 14 years. A decline in the gender gap at 15 years of age suggests parents eventually begin to consider the education of their daughters. Before then, however, the gender gap increases with age and can be even greater if daughters also engage in paid work.