北九州市大手町ビル6階 アジア成長研究所 会議室
Professor Euston Quah, Head, Division of Economics, and Director, Economic Growth Centre, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
「Pursuing Economic Growth in Asia: The Environmental Challenge」
This talk identifies and discusses the four main areas of environmental management public policy that pose serious challenges to Asian governments in their continued pursuit of economic growth. The first is the emerging issue of siting environmentally unfriendly facilities that may be necessary for growth, but with the social and environmental costs borne primarily by local host residents and neighborhood municipalities. This asymmetric costs and benefits situation between local and national is known as the NIMBY (Not-In-My-Back-Yard) syndrome. The second issue is the critical need for accurate pricing of non-market environmental goods. Third, is the issue of waste generation. The fourth challenge is that of transboundary pollution, which has become increasingly important with regards to its effects on health and foreign relations. Additional comments on the use of Cost-Benefit Analysis in less developed countries are also made. The paper suggests the use of the damage schedules approach as a viable alternative method to provide valuation and prioritize policy options, and discusses what governments could do to manage these key environmental challenges by pursuing a number of pragmatic policies.